Your overall health, physical fitness, and quality of life may all benefit from regular physical activity. Your chance of developing chronic illnesses including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, several cancers, depression and anxiety, and dementia is also decreased.
Impact of Chronic Diseases:
- Six out of every ten Americans have at least one chronic condition.
- Approximately 133 million Americans are affected by chronic illnesses.
- People with coronary heart disease number 12.6 million.
- 17 million persons worldwide suffer from diabetes.
- 107,000 people receive a new colon cancer diagnosis.
- Hip fractures affect 300,000 people each year.
- High blood pressure affects 50 million individuals.
- Over 108 million individuals are either obese or overweight.
Economic Cost of Chronic Diseases:
- Chronic illness accounts for 90 percent of the $3.3 trillion spent on healthcare in the United States each year.
- More than 75 percent of all health care expenses are attributed to chronic illnesses.
- Cardiovascular illness is one of the most expensive, costing $350 billion every year.
- Diabetes costs the United States economy $176 billion in medical expenses.
Reasons for Rising Chronic Diseases:
- Tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure
- Poor nutrition, including a lack of fruits and vegetables and high salt and saturated fat intake.
- Physical Inactivity
- Excessive alcohol consumption.
Role of exercise in Chronic Disease Management:
Aerobic Exercise increases your heart health, and endurance and can also help you lose weight.
- Walking, jogging, and running
- Team or individual sports that involve running
- Household chores like yardwork
Strength exercise can increase muscular endurance and strength, making daily tasks simpler.
- Full body or muscle-specific exercises using free weights or machines
- Medicine or stability balls
Flexibility exercises help you have a full range of motion in your joints and may lower your risk of falling.
- Upper and lower body stretching routines
- Tai chi
- Arm and leg raises
How much physical exercise is required?
- Every week, engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity.
- At least two days each week, engage in muscle-strengthening activities.
- Every day, engage in 60 minutes (1 hour) or more of physical activity.
Tips for Getting and Staying Active
- Instead of driving to neighboring attractions, walk.
- Invite your friends and family to join you in your physical activity!
- Begin gradually and slowly increase the time and frequency.
- Plan physical activities for specific periods of the day or week.
Chronic Diseases cured by Regular exercising:
- Exercise on a regular basis can help insulin work more efficiently to reduce your blood sugar.
- Exercise for asthma can reduce the frequency and intensity of asthma
- Regular low-impact aerobic exercises can help your back become stronger and enhance muscular function.
- Exercise can assist preserve muscular strength in the afflicted joints, lessen stiffness in the joints, and minimize discomfort.
- Cancer survivors can benefit from exercise by becoming more fit and by improving their quality of life.
- People with dementia may benefit cognitively from exercise.
Regular exercise allows you to enjoy more of your life and be disease-free.