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Role of physical fitness in the management of chronic diseases

Role of physical fitness in the management of chronic diseases

Your overall health, physical fitness, and quality of life may all benefit from regular physical activity. Your chance of developing chronic illnesses including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, several cancers, depression and anxiety, and dementia is also decreased.

Impact of Chronic Diseases:

  • Six out of every ten Americans have at least one chronic condition.
  • Approximately 133 million Americans are affected by chronic illnesses.
  • People with coronary heart disease number 12.6 million.
  • 17 million persons worldwide suffer from diabetes.
  • 107,000 people receive a new colon cancer diagnosis.
  • Hip fractures affect 300,000 people each year.
  • High blood pressure affects 50 million individuals.
  • Over 108 million individuals are either obese or overweight.

Economic Cost of Chronic Diseases:

  • Chronic illness accounts for 90 percent of the $3.3 trillion spent on healthcare in the United States each year.
  • More than 75 percent of all health care expenses are attributed to chronic illnesses.
  • Cardiovascular illness is one of the most expensive, costing $350 billion every year.
  • Diabetes costs the United States economy $176 billion in medical expenses.

Reasons for Rising Chronic Diseases:

  • Tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure
  • Poor nutrition, including a lack of fruits and vegetables and high salt and saturated fat intake.
  • Physical Inactivity 
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.

Role of exercise in Chronic Disease Management:

Aerobics:

Aerobic Exercise increases your heart health, and endurance and can also help you lose weight.

  • Walking, jogging, and running
  • Cycling
  • Swimming
  • Hiking
  • Team or individual sports that involve running
  • Dancing
  • Household chores like yardwork

Strength exercises:

Strength exercise can increase muscular endurance and strength, making daily tasks simpler.

  • Full body or muscle-specific exercises using free weights or machines
  • Squats
  • Crunches
  • Medicine or stability balls
  • Calisthenics

Flexibility exercises:

Flexibility exercises help you have a full range of motion in your joints and may lower your risk of falling.

  • Upper and lower body stretching routines
  • Yoga
  • Tai chi
  • Arm and leg raises

How much physical exercise is required?

For Adults

  • Every week, engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity.
  • At least two days each week, engage in muscle-strengthening activities.

Kids

  • Every day, engage in 60 minutes (1 hour) or more of physical activity.

Tips for Getting and Staying Active

  • Instead of driving to neighboring attractions, walk.
  • Invite your friends and family to join you in your physical activity!
  • Begin gradually and slowly increase the time and frequency.
  • Plan physical activities for specific periods of the day or week.

Chronic Diseases cured by Regular exercising:

Diabetes

  • Exercise on a regular basis can help insulin work more efficiently to reduce your blood sugar.

Asthma

  • Exercise for asthma can reduce the frequency and intensity of asthma 

Backache

  • Regular low-impact aerobic exercises can help your back become stronger and enhance muscular function.

Arthritis

  • Exercise can assist preserve muscular strength in the afflicted joints, lessen stiffness in the joints, and minimize discomfort.

Cancer

  • Cancer survivors can benefit from exercise by becoming more fit and by improving their quality of life.

Dementia

  • People with dementia may benefit cognitively from exercise.

Regular exercise allows you to enjoy more of your life and be disease-free.

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